a.) Monoecious → both pistillate (female) and staminate (male) flowers on the same tree
b.) Paper Birch is self-pollinating.
c.) Paper Birch flowers annually from March-April
d.) Flower type: Catkins → Cylindrical flower cluster. 1. Male: 2-4” long in groups of 1-3
2. Female: About 1” long, no grouping
e.) Propagation: Both softwood cuttings and seeds
a.) Yard, Park, Street (due to the shallow root system)
1.) Unique paper-like bark
ii.) Large lenticels
iii.) Strong gold color in fall
i.) Moose, white-tailed deer, snowshoe hares, beavers, porcupine, voles, shrews, redpolls, siskins, chickadees, woodpeckers, nuthatches, swallows, yellow-bellied sapsucker, hummingbirds, red squirrels, ruffed grouse, etc. use this tree species for various reasons such as food, shelter, and rubbing.
i.) Bark used as early paper / great for fires
ii.) Sturdy, lightweight wood used to make watercraft
v.) Popsicle sticks/tongue depressors
Scientific Name: Betula papyrifera Marshall
Region of Origin:
Size at Maturity:
a.) Plant in the proper site conditions with no overhead power lines or other hazards. Spring is an ideal time to plant. Water regularly.
b.) Do not prune May-August due to high chance of pest infestation.
a.) Potential Diseases:
i.) Melanconium betulinum, Nectria galligena and Botryosphaeria.
ii.) Cylindrosporium, Septoria, Colletotrichum, Marssonina, Discula, and Taphrina.
i.) Bronze Birch Borers
i.) Birch Leafminer
d.) Soil pH preference of 5.0-7.5 → so nothing above or below that range.
e.) Prefers cold, does not cope well with heat.
f.) Needs moist Soil, does not cope well with drought.