Mongolian Linden (Tilia mongolica)
- Family: Tiliaceae
- Genus: Tilia
- Species: T. mongolica
- Common Names: Mongolian Linden, Mongolian Lime
- Cultivars: ‘Harvest Gold’ (1)
- Mature Height: 20-30’ Largest Recorded: 80’ (1)
- Mature Width: 15-25’ Largest Recorded: 40’ (1)
- Growth Rate: Up to 3’ per year (1)
- Mature Trunk Diameter: 12-24” (1)
- Life Expectancy: Over 100 years (1)
- In urban areas this life span is expected to be shorted due to all the stresses that can be imposed on a tree in a densely populated urban area. With proper pruning, maintenance, and care in urban areas these trees are expected to thrive for many years.
- Origins: The Mongolian Linden originated in Mongolia. It is also natively found in the surrounding parts of Russia and the northern parts of China. (4)
Overall shape of Mongolian Linden (4)
- Wood has been described as creamy as in cheese-like. It has been used for ship's heads and broom sticks.
The bark and trunk of a mature Mongolian Linden (4)
Leaf of Mongolian Linden (4)
- Is the wood Diffuse-Porous or Ring-Porous?
- Diffuse-porous; medium pores predominantly in radial multiples or clusters of 2-4; growth rings indistinct or distinct due to marginal parenchyma; medium to large rays, normal spacing. (3)
Wood Grain zoom 10x (3)
- Site: Likes acidic soils that are moist but well drained. Can tolerate alkaline soils but prefers acidic.
- Site could be modified by adding organic matter to make it more well drained. Could also use sphagnum peat moss to make area more acidic for the tree.
- Cold Hardiness Zone: 2-7 (1)
- This plant is typically growing from April- October depending on yearly weather and location planted
- This plant could be used as a park tree or yard tree if it is far from boulevards. This plant is very intolerant of salt spray and soil salt. It is also very intolerant to drought conditions and poor drainage. This tree must be well placed away from roads and sidewalks in a well-drained area. As a small tree it would be nice a yard tree but limited use for shade in the summer. With a mature height of 30’ this plant could be used under some high utilities. (1,2)
- Great insect pollinator.
- Aesthetics: The foliage is red tinged at first turning to shiny deep green above, blue green beneath. The leaves turn gold early in fall. (1,3)
- Flowers: Up to 20 creamy yellow, 5 petalled, fragrant flowers up to 0.6 inches across hang in clusters during early to mid-summer. They are accompanied with a long strap-shaped bright green bract up to 4 inches in length. Very Fragrant. (1,2,4)
- The flowers are later replaced by round, gray-green, woody fruits up to 0.5 inches across. Not very ornamental. (4)
- Planting should take place in spring for bareroot stock. Plants with soil can be planted throughout the growing season. Make sure tree is not planted too deep. A good way to tell the correct depth is to put the roots within one inch of the surface. Soak soil well after planting. (4)
- This tree should be pruned with one leader going up. This tree has a very low canopy usually only 4’ off the ground. Typically, into a large vase or pyramid shape.
- This tree is subject to damage from Japanese Beetles, Linden Borer and several other insects. This Linden has shown some resistance to aphids, and aphid damage. Very susceptible to Verticillium Wilt as a fungal pathogen. (1)
- “Mongolian Linden.” Mongolian Linden | The Morton Arboretum, www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/mongolian-linden
- “Harvest Gold Mongolian Linden (Tilia Mongolica 'Harvest Gold') at Bachman's Landscaping.” Plant Library / Landscapes by Bachman's, www.qscaping.com/12070012/Plant/1732/Harvest_Gold_Mongolian_Linden.
- “Basswood.” The Wood Database, www.wood-database.com/basswood/.
- “Linden.” Future Plants by Randy Stewart, 1 Jan. 1970, rslandscapedesign.blogspot.com/2010/01/ginkgo.html