Name: Common Name: Honey Locust
Genus and Species: Gleditsia triacanthos L.
Region of Origin: North America
Native Habitat: Pennsylvania to Nebraska and south to Texas and Mississippi
Size at Maturity: 20-30m height, 2’-3’ girth, and 30’-70’ canopy spread
Life Expectancy: The honey locust on average lives from 60 to 70 years but on occasion can live up to 120 years.
Wood: Ring porous
Uses: Many of the uses that the Honey Locust is good for making archery bows, furniture, fence posts, utility lumber, and turned objects
Site Characteristics: Moist soil but does fairly well with resisting drought, also does well with limestone and floodplains of major rivers and streams. Prefers full sun (six hours of light daily) Length of growing seasons: 150-300 days depending on geography and cold hardiness zones 4-10
Reproductive Details: This is a polygamo-dioecious, with fruiting and flowering happening in late spring to help escape frost damage; male and female flowers grow on separate trees but sometimes perfect flowers (both male and female) grow on the same tree. For seeds the honey locust produces a long pod (6"-19") and for propagating the seeds have a hard waxy shell which can be taken off by sanding with a file, boiling in water, and other forms of breaking the waxy shell. The honey locust can be used in many different environments like hillsides to prevent soil erosion, landscaping gardens, parks, along highways and roads
Maintenance:The Honey locust is a pretty easy tree to take care of, it typically grows a pretty airy canopy which does not need to be pruned often.
Diseases: Most of the insects that attack the Honey locust are not found to be fatal, just weaken the tree.