Plant Description: Black haw, a small tree with a big attitude. Reaching heights of just 15 feet with a maximum spread of 12 feet, this tree can often be seen amongst the urban landscape. Not to be confused with hawthorns which are in a separate family, black haw has a personality of its own which will be detailed ahead (1).
Viburnum prunifolium develops "creamy white flowers in flat clusters late spring" which will eventually develop into berries that will be eaten by wildlife, and aid in the spreading of the seed. Left unattended, this plant has a tendency to turn into an oval shrub, but has the potential to be trained into the form of a small tree with proper pruning (4).
Form: Aside from black haw being a generally small plant, its growth may be described as both a multi-stemmed shrub with stiff branches, or as a round headed tree with a single stem. The reason for this is because this tree will react easily to the presence of sunlight and general pruning (5).
Figure 1 Figure 2
Site and Range: Found mostly in the south east portion of the Unites States, Viburnum prunifolium will thrive in many types of conditions (3) . Growing in hardiness zones 3-9, black haw will tolerate a lot of punishment and thus fares well in drought like conditions, as well as soil ranging from acidic, to alkaline. This shrub prefers a high amount of sunlight, and well drained soil(2). Figure 3
References 1. Missouri Botanical Garden - http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=g240 2. Arbor Day Foundation - https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=933 3. Oregon State University - https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/viburnum-prunifolium 4. Illinois Extension - http://extension.illinois.edu/hortanswers/plantdetail.cfm?PlantID=465&PlantTypeID=8 5. Cornell State University - http://woodyplants.cals.cornell.edu/plant/276 Figures 1. https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/viburnum-prunifolium 2. https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/viburnum-prunifolium 3. https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIPR